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Islamic tradition relates that Muhammad received his first revelation in the Cave of Hira during one of his isolated retreats to the mountains.Thereafter, he received revelations over a period of 23 years.During the month of Ramadan, Muslims typically complete the recitation of the whole Quran during tarawih prayers.In order to extrapolate the meaning of a particular Quranic verse, most Muslims rely on exegesis, or tafsir. The latter two terms also denote units of revelation.656) began noticing slight differences in pronunciation of the Quran as Islam expanded beyond the Arabian Peninsula into Persia, the Levant, and North Africa.In order to preserve the sanctity of the text, he ordered a committee headed by Zayd to use Abu Bakr's copy and prepare a standard copy of the Quran.

Thus, a group of scribes, most importantly Zayd, collected the verses and produced a hand-written manuscript of the complete book.

Someone who has memorized the entire Quran is called a hafiz.

Quranic verse (ayah) is sometimes recited with a special kind of elocution reserved for this purpose, called tajwid.

Some scholars such as Watt prefer the second meaning of "ummi" – they take it to indicate unfamiliarity with earlier sacred texts.

In the year 632, after the demise of Muhammad a number of his companions who knew the Quran by heart were killed in a battle by Musaylimah, the first caliph Abu Bakr (d.

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